Promises on the part of the us government, american indians and alaska natives experience many health, educational and economic disparities compared to the general population the poverty rate among ai/ans in 2009 was 236% (2009 census), and 324% of the. Almost 12 percent of the deaths among american indians and alaska natives are alcohol-related — more than three times the percentage in the general population, a new federal report says. More precisely, the suicide rate for alaska natives is four times more than the national average and almost 80% of all alaska native deaths are related to alcohol abuse or alcoholism.
Alcohol is perhaps the greatest enemy native americans as a whole have ever faced, connected to many of the social ills on the reservations a blog about native american culture (past and present), american indian tribes, and humanitarian concerns for the most underserved group in the united states. The comparable figure for american indian and alaskan native youth (native youth hereafter) is approximately 80 percent (beauvais, oetting, & wolf, 1989) early experimentation with alcohol and drugs places native youth, in particular, at risk for serious problems. Almost 12 percent of the deaths among native americans and alaska natives are alcohol-related — more than three times the percentage in the general population, a new federal report says (2010 the associated press. Chronic liver disease and american indians/alaska natives among american indians and alaska natives, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death while the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity and exposure to hepatitis b and c viruses.
According to a national survey, about 80% of american indian and alaska native youth have experimented with alcohol or drugs, compared to about 50% of youth nationwide particular risk factors for native youth include low self-esteem, post-traumatic stress, and culture conflict arising from. Other cultural and historical also aggravated the problems of alcohol (and other ills) among native americans “the decline of native american culture when european settlers moved in led to an. Motor vehicle crashes and alcohol among american indians and alaska natives philip a may, phd university of new mexico the american indian population, made up of well over 300 tribes, now numbers more than 15 million or over 06 percent of the us population throughout the recent past.
This fact sheet is one in a series that summarizes data and research on suicidal behavior among particular racial and ethnic populations the term american indians/alaska natives (ai/an) encompasses many ethnic and cultural groups, tribes, and traditions. Behavioral health problems (eg, mental disorders, substance use disorders, and suicide) among the american indian and alaska native (ai/an) population have been the subject of multiple congressional hearings, introduced bills, and administration initiatives in recent years. Scope of the problem of alcohol and substance abuse among american indian and alaska native communities indian health service, staff office of planning, evaluation and research, rockville, md 20857 1992.
The indian health service approach to alcoholism among american indians and alaska natives e r rhoades , r d mason , p eddy , e m smith , and t r burns indian health service, rockville, md. Alcoholism among native americans march 31, 2010 alcohol, alcohol awareness month, alcoholism while alcoholism can affect anyone, it tends to follow certain economic and ethnic groups or nearly 12% native american deaths are alcohol-related, and nearly 12% of native american deaths are alcohol-related the cultural clash has led to. 3 the suicide rate among native american teens is 25 times greater than the national average 3 native americans also have high rates of co-occurring disorders, which refers to having both a mental illness and a substance abuse problem 3 having a mental illness or having a loved one suffer from one can cause a great deal of distress. Prevention of alcoholism, drug abuse, and health problems among american indians and alaska natives: an introduction and overview trimble, joseph e beauvais, fred this chapter reviews the literature on substance abuse and prevention efforts in native communities.
Full text of alcohol use among american indians and alaska natives : multiple perspectives on a complex problem see other formats. Alcoholism, alcohol abuse, and heal til in american indians and alaska natives behavioral health issues among american indians and alaska natives american indian and alaska native mental health research, monograph no i, pp 65 3 explain the low prevalence of alcohol problems among asians and the high prevalence among american indians. Alaska natives experience some of the highest rates of accidental deaths, suicides, alcoholism, homicides, fetal alcohol syndrome, and domestic violence in the nation alaska natives — many of them young men — fill the state's jails at a rate exceeding 250 percent of their numbers in the general population.