Parallels between the titanic struggles of enuma elish and the later theogony described in greek and roman mythology is also widely accepted by scholars here, gaia and uranus are the primordial couple who give birth to the titans. In chapter 3 scully compares hesiod’s theogony with the so-called hittite “kingship-in-heaven myth” (not a term that he uses) and the hittite myth of the dragon illuyanka much space is given to the presentation of the babylonian theogony, the enûma elish : it is a good description of a complex tradition. Enuma elish and genesis have the strongest connection in their first lines--in the beginning vs when on high when on high some say that genesis is written as a polemic against enuma elish. Many able studies have been made of the similarities between genesis and other creation stories taken out of context, some sentences sound similar to the bible account enuma elish creation epic enuma elish creation epic: this was a part of the new year (akitu) festival, and was recited on the fourth of eight days george roux points out.
In the theogony of hesiod (fl 700 bce), eros was a primeval god, son of chaos, the original primeval emptiness of the universe, but later tradition made him the son of aphrodite, goddess of sexual love and beauty, by either zeus (the king of the gods),. Enuma elish shows a connection between giving of names and existence in genesis, the naming of objects is of importance both enuma elish and genesis imply primeval chaos in the beginning, that is, if you interpret darkness and emptiness as chaos. In this , we shall examine the major differences of ancient mesopotamia and greece by analyzing early literary works such as the epic of gilgamesh enuma elish , and the hesiods theogony the epic of gilgamesh is an ancient epic poem from mesopotamia.
Writing an in-class essay and the only main things i can come up with are that enuma elish involves no castration, and that enuma elish evolved overtime with the power of babylon growing, vs the theogony which hesiod sat down and brought together a great amount of myths. There are many similarities between the enuma elish stories and the beginning of genesis of course, they both describe creation they also seem to have some parallel characters, most notably marduk (enuma elish) and god (genesis. The similarities and differences between these two pieces of writing are intriguingin both of these works the themes are often very close or related, and the small differences that occur illustrate the difference in situation of these two peoples. Apart from the war motif, however, we can discern a number of other parallels between enuma elish and hesiod: marduk and zeus have a number of features in common, especially as zeus emerges as lord of the cosmos.
The similarities between enuma elish and the theogony may reflect an in-direct influence of the former on the latter (enuma elish may have influenced hittite storytelling, which then influenced the theogony) or both works may have been influenced by a canaanite story, brought from palestine to the regions of mesopotamia (by a people known as. In the three works: the babylonian enuma elish, the hittite illuyanka myths (version 2) and the greek theogony by hesiod it can be argued that the succession of the gods is a reflection of their power and that this power eventually leads to a redistribution of position within the gods. Hesiod’s most famous works are the theogony (which means “birth of the gods”) and works and practices in the theogony, hesiod presents to us a picture of how the world was created that is similar to the babylonian creation story enuma elish (which was written 1000 years earlier. Stephen scully offers a terrific overview of hesiod’s theogony, the work that was the ancient greek counterpart to genesis 1 and 2, the two biblical creation myths scully discusses the pre-greek origin of the myth, non-greek parallels to the myth from the ancient world, and the influence of the work in ancient times and beyond. A) looking at the similarities between the theogony and enuma elish to find that zeus and marduk are both supreme, sky gods, and of the younger generation of gods 3 give an example of euhemerism approach to myth.
Hesiod’s “theogony” is primarily a charter myth that supported the political and military leaders of the archaic period in a society as dispersed as archaic greece, the ultimate authority of the olympic family, in particular zeus as the supreme father god, was an important source of unification. The first similarity between enuma elish and the first creation story of genesis is the description of the earth both hold that the earth didn’t really exist until intercession from divine being(s) (gen 1:1-2. The enuma elish is the babylonian creation myth written across seven stone tablets, the poem describes the beginning of the universe as a separating of water from chaos essentially, the universe begins in a chaos of swirling waters until, with time, the waters separate into apsu (fresh water) and. But, just as we saw last week with genesis 1 and enuma elish, (1) the differences only stand out because of the similarities, (2) the differences do not justify minimizing the similarities as we saw with genesis 1 and enuma elish , genesis 2-9 and atrahasis breathe the same air.
A comparison between genesis 1–11 and the poetry of hesiod reveals many interesting similarities that suggest the biblical authors, the yahwist historian and the priestly editors, were familiar with hesiod's works in the fifth century bce. Enuma elish, theogony, genesis, metamorphoses from your reading and the class discussions, know the following names and terms. The same method must be used to find the differences between the enuma elish and the theogony, as was used to find the dissimilarities between hesiod and the hittite myths in looking at the similarities, the differences can be seen. Theogony does not have the literary value of the iliad or the odyssey, because hesiod was not a poet as great as homer in some parts, the book is a bit mechanical and repetitive, with a list of.